Art of the Romanov Dynasty
Part 2:  1696-1796

This is a four-part lecture on the art of the Romanov Dynasty. To tell this story I am using artwork created during the time of each Romanov tsar and artwork painted years after their deaths. Starting in 1862 Russian artists began drawing on the rich folklore and historical events of their country’s past. By placing these historical paintings into this story their artwork now has context and brings to life the Romanov Dynasty.

In Part 1 we learned of the rise of the Romanov family and the crowning of the first Romanov tsar, Michael I. The first 100 years of the Romanov Dynasty was a period of barbarianism as Russia struggled through the Middle Ages for hundreds of years longer than Europe. The next hundred years, the period covered during Part 2, is a time of westernization for Russia, as two of their most famous tsars, Peter the Great, and Catherine the Great steer their country into the future. 

Artwork and Personalities discussed in this video and the book include:

Peter the Great (1672-1725) 
Vasily Surikov (1848-1916) Morning of the Streltsy’s Execution (1881)
Tsar Peter I The Great (1698) by the English artist Godfrey Kneller (1646-1723)
Swedish King Charles XII 
Eudoxia Feodorovna Lopukhina(1669-1731)
Marta Helena Skowrońska (1684-1727) 
Peter I Interrogates Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich at Peterhof by Nicholai Ghe
Johann Wedekind (1674-1736)
Andrew Matveev (1701-1739)
John Nikitin (1690-1741) 


Peter II and Anna Ivanovna
Peter II (1715-30)
Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg(1694-1715)
Anna Ivanovna (1693-1740)
Tsar Ivan V (1666-96)
Pyotr Lefort (1656-1699) 
Catherine I



Elizabeth Petrovna (1741-1762)
Empress Elizabeth Petrovna in Tsarskoe Selo (1905) by Russian artist Eugene Lansere (1875-1946) 
Yefim Vinogradov (1728-1760) 
Bartolomeo Rastrelli (1700-1771) 
Louis Tocqué (1696-1772) 
Jean-Marc Nattier
Catherine II (1729-96)
Heinrich Buchholz (1735-1781) 
Portrait of Marie Leszczyńska Queen of France
Ivan Vishnyakov (1699-1761) 
Louis Caravaque and Andrey Matveyev 

Catherine the Great 

Duke Charles Peter Ulrich of Holstein-Gottorp (1728-62)  
Princess Sophia Augusta Frederica of Anhalt-Zerbst (1729-96).
Peter III  
Catherine II
Aleksey Orlov (1737-1808)
Ivan Shuvalov (1727-97)
Alexander Kokorinov (1726-72) 
Vladimir Borovikovsky (1757–1825) 
Portrait of Elena Alexandrovna Naryshkina (1799) 
Elizabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun (1755-1842)
Elena and Alexandra Pavlovna
Gaétan Bernard Nigris (c.1766-1831)
King Frederick II of Prussia 
Franz Hals
Dresden collection
Count Heinrich von Brühl (1700-63) 
Pierre Crozat
Walpole Collection 
Sir Robert Walpole
George Walpole 3rd Earl of Orford (1730-91) 


About the Author
Cathy Locke is an award-winning fine art painter, professor, published writer and lecturer. She is the editor-in-chief of and specializes in Russian and European art.

Cathy Locke’s artwork –